How To Ship A Refrigerator: Moving Your Home Of Frosty Goods
Understanding how to ship a refrigerator is important information to know if you want to make sure it still works after arriving. Owners of appliance stores, appliance distributors and even the average person moving to a new home will need to know how to transport their fridge correctly. Refrigerators must be shipped with absolute care and in strict accordance with applicable regulations.
The Department of Transportation (DOT) has standards in place for shipping refrigerators that follow current HAZMAT guidelines. Shippers check for these standards before preparing a refrigerator for shipment. A refrigerator needs to have its shelves removed, doors secured, and a to be placed in a fitted box packing material.
These are the basics on how to ship a refrigerator, but we’ll explain each part in detail so you’ll know exactly how to get your refrigerator to its destination safely.
Is There A Refrigerator Shortage?
There isn’t just a refrigerator shortage, there’s an entire shortage for home appliances as well. One of the primary reasons for the shortage of home appliances like refrigerators is the COVID-19 pandemic. The pandemic caused many appliance factories to shut down which stopped the production of these machines.
Despite the fact that the pandemic has created a shortage, the demand by consumers for refrigerators and other appliances has gone up. In fact, it estimated that refrigerator sales are only going to rise the next three years
Projected Growth Of Refrigerator Sales (in millions)
When shipping a refrigerator, you’ll need to adhere to shipping guidelines to prevent any damage from occurring. You’ll also want to correctly ship your fridge if you’re a store owner who ships appliances to customers. Any damage the refrigerator sustains will likely result in an angry customer wanting their money back.
How To Ship A Refrigerator: 7 Simple Steps
To ship a refrigerator you’ll have to follow several different steps. However, none of the steps that you’ll have to complete are too difficult.
Before you can start preparing your refrigerator for shipment, you’re going to need some of the following shipping supplies:
- Painter’s tape
- Bubble wrap
- Cardboard boxes
- Straps or plastic wrap
- Any of the following:
- Flexible propylene foam (for stainless steel fridges)
- shipping blankets
- bubble wrap
- masking paper
- masking film
- Packing paper
Once you have these shipping materials ready, you can start getting your refrigerator ready for pickup.
1. Measure the Refrigerator
Begin shipping prep work on your refrigerator by measuring its dimensions. Taking measurements of your fridge will help you discern how big of a box you will need for it. The measurements can also tell you how much and how large the packing material will need to be when you wrap the exterior of the fridge which is a later step we’ll discuss.
2. Remove Shelves
The second step to ship a refrigerator is to remove the shelves and drawers from within it. Although the refrigerator will be secure within the confines of its box, the shelves within will move slightly out of place while the refrigerator is in transit.
The subtle movements that the shelves and drawers will absorb could cause them to sustain damage.
To avoid this unwanted damage, follow these four steps:
- Remove shelves
- Wrap them in bubble wrap or foam
- Tape the packing material around the shelves shut with painter’s tape
- Place each shelf in separate boxes or put all shelves in one large box
Shipping the shelves separately from the rest of the refrigerator will ensure that they stay protected.
3. Tape Refrigerator Doors Shut
Once you have the drawers out of the way, you can move on to securing the doors. Most refrigerator doors do a good job at staying shut. That said, there’s always the possibility that they could swing open during transport.
Therefore, you need to tape the doors of your fridge shut using painter’s tape or gaffer tape. The good thing about these types of tape is that they won’t leave any type of residue behind on the fridge. You’ll also need to make sure that you apply multiple pieces of tape along the length of the refrigerator doors.
4. Wrap Exterior
Refrigerators have delicate surfaces that need to be protected while they’re being transported. Keeping the exterior wrapped will allow for some extra protection if the refrigerator tips over or is handled carelessly while being loaded and unloaded. Using the measurements you took in the first step, get the right amount of packing material for your fridge.
There are a variety of different packing materials that you can use to wrap your refrigerator such as:
- Shipping blankets
- Bubble wrap
- Flexible propylene foam
- Masking papers or films
Either of these materials will work fine, but we strongly suggest using shipping blankets, as they will offer the most amount of protection for your refrigerator.
5. Place Refrigerator In Fitted Box
Using the measurements you took of your refrigerator in step one, find a fitted box for your refrigerator to go inside. If there is an exceptional amount of space between the box and the refrigerator, you’ll need to fill it with some more packing materials to make sure the refrigerator is as secure as possible.
6. Secure Boxed Refrigerator To A Pallet
Now that the fridge is snugly secured inside its box, you will need to secure your refrigerator to a pallet. To do this, simply obtain some straps and have the straps run down the length of the refrigerator and underneath the pallet. You will also need to have at least two straps running horizontally across the refrigerator.
Using a pallet is essential when transporting heavy appliances like refrigerators because of how heavy they are. It’s much easier to load and unload a palletized refrigerator with a forklift rather than lifting it by hand.
7. Apply Shipping Labels
Finally, you will need to include the correct labels on the outside of the refrigerator’s box and the box or boxes holding the shelves and drawers of your refrigerator.
Some of the labels that you will need include:
- Shipping labels with the following information:
- origin/return address
- Destination address
- Weight of the refrigerator
- Class of shipping being used
- Electronic tracking number
- Fragile labels
- Arrow labels
- Department of Transportation (DOT) HAZMAT Label
- International Shipping Label
The international shipping label will only be needed if you’re going to send your refrigerator to another country. All of these labels help communicate important information that will allow the carrier to handle your refrigerator with care and transport to its destination successfully.
Additional Considerations For Shipping Used Refrigerators
Shipping a used refrigerator is pretty similar to shipping a new refrigerator as far as what steps you’ll need to follow. The only difference is that you’ll have to complete two preliminary steps beyond the ones we’ve already listed.
1. Clean Inside Of the Refrigerator
The first step of shipping a used refrigerator will be to clean the inside of it. Fridges will inevitably get dirty, even if you make sure to keep them clean while they’re in use. If you don’t clean the inside of your fridge very often, now would be a great time to do so since you’ll be taking all the food and drinks out of it anyways.
Cleaning the inside of the fridge is an especially good idea if you’re shipping it to someone who bought it from you. The last thing a new owner wants is a smelly fridge. There are many ways you can give your refrigerator a fresh and clean smell.
Some of those options include:
- Baking soda
- White vinegar
- A bowl of citrus and salt
Using any of these options will give your refrigerator a fresh scent. You can even ship your refrigerator with baking soda or charcoal inside of it.
2. Disconnect and Defrost the Refrigerator
A fridge that is in use will need to be disconnected and defrosted before you undertake any further preparation.
To complete this process, just follow these quick steps:
- Pull the refrigerator out from the wall
- Unplug the refrigerator
- Turn the valve that supplies water to the refrigerator door off
- Disconnect the hoses and water lines running to the refrigerator
- The remaining water in the tubes should be drained into an empty bucket
If you find these steps challenging in any way, you can always hire a handyperson to help you out. Once you disconnect and defrost the fridge, you can measure it and follow through with the rest of the steps we listed before
HAZMAT Considerations For A Refrigerator
Shippers and consumers alike don’t usually associate hazardous materials with refrigerators. However, refrigerators are considered hazardous goods because they contain at least some hazardous chemicals.
These include substances such as:
- Chlorofluorocarbon (CFC)
- Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)
- Polyurethane (PU/PUR)
These toxic materials can cause serious medical issues for anyone who comes into contact with them. Since refrigerators are considered hazmat, you will need to follow all of the applicable hazmat shipping regulations.
The hazmat regulations that DOT enforces comes from Title 49 of the Code Of Federal Regulations. These regulations dictate that shippers are responsible for:
- Providing Shipping Papers
- Hazmat Packing Label
- Hazmat Marking
- Hazmat placarding
- Emergency response information
- Incident reporting
- Must complete hazmat training
- Must obtain hazmat shipping certification
- Formulate a security plan
Three key pieces of information that you will need to include throughout responsibilities one through four are the UN ID number, the proper shipping name, and the hazard class/division for your refrigerator. These pieces of information will have to be listed somewhere on those four materials.
There are two UN ID numbers for refrigerators which are:
- UN 2857: refrigerating machines, containing non-flammable, non-toxic gasses or ammonia solutions
- UN 3358: refrigerating machines, containing flammable, non-toxic, liquefied gas
Next, you will need to list the correct shipping name for your refrigerator. All products that have UN ID numbers have a proper shipping name to go along with them. For refrigerators, the correct shipping name is “refrigerating machine.”
The final piece of information that you will need to disclose is the class of hazardous materials that your refrigerator belongs under. There are nine total hazmat classes.
For a refrigerator you will use either:
- Class 2.1: flammable gas
- Class 2.2: non-flammable, non-toxic gas
Class 2.1 will apply to refrigerators classified by UN ID 3358 and class 2.2 will be used.
What Is White Glove Delivery?
White glove service delivery is essentially when a shipping company not only delivers an appliance to its destination but also installs the appliance for the customer receiving it.
Considering how heavy an appliance like a refrigerator can be, it’s very helpful to have a team of trained professionals installs the refrigerator you shipped to the customer for them.
This is an excellent service to provide if you wish that will make shipping easier, but it is by no means mandatory.
Ship Your Refrigerators With USA Last Mile Logistics
USA Last Mile Logistics partners with numerous carriers across the country that can ship just about any type of freight, including appliances like refrigerators. Not only that, but we can also provide white glove delivery services for appliance shipments.
While it’s rare that your refrigerator will get damaged on its journey to a customer, there’s always that chance something can go wrong. At USA Last Mile Logistics, we offer affordable freight insurance that will give you coverage if an accident does occur.